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The Vintners Company

The English wine merchants known as Vintner were among the most influential personalities in London in the late Middle Ages. This is also proven by the fact that during the reign of King Edward II (1284-1327), four mayors of London were Vintners. In this time, the London wine merchants' association "Mistery of Vintners" was established. From the middle of the 14th century, the "Vintner's Company" that emerged from this association had a quasi monopoly in the trade between England and France (see Bordeaux Wine Trade). It was constituted in 1437 as a guild, which subsequently became King Henry VIII. (1491-1547) as one of the 12 large Livery Companies. This association still exists today and every member is allowed to sell wine without prior notification of a concession. It is responsible for professional training and control of the English wine trade, as well as the renowned Masters of Wine Institute.

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