The importance of the city of Bordeaux as a trading port for wines arose from its connection with England in the mid-12th century. In 1152, Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) married Henry Plantagenet Count of Anjou (1133-1189). Eleanor brought as her dowry, among other things, Gascony and what is now the Bordeaux area. When her husband ascended the English throne as King Henry II in 1154, he laid claim to large parts of France. This was the beginning of the more than 300-year-long dispute between England and France, culminating in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453). At the time of English rule, wines were shipped to England on a large scale via the port of Bordeaux. It is no coincidence that important trading companies were established here as a result, where the wines were sold at auctions.