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Bordeaux wine trade

The importance of the city of Bordeaux as a trading port for wines was created by its connection with England in the middle of the 12th century. In 1152 Eleonore of Aquitaine (1122-1204) married Heinrich Plantagenet Count of Anjou (1133-1189). Eleonore's dowry included the Gascony and the present-day Bordeaux region. When her husband ascended the English throne in 1154 as King Henry II, he laid claim to large parts of France. This marked the beginning of the 300-year-long dispute between England and France, culminating in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453). At the time of the English rule, wines were shipped to England in large quantities via the port of Bordeaux. It is no coincidence that important trading companies were established here as a result, where the wines were sold at auctions.

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