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Schiller Friedrich

The German playwright Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805) was born in Marbach am Neckar in Württemberg. Many of his ancestors were winegrowers. His father Johann K. Schiller (1723-1796), as head of the court gardens and nurseries of Duke Carl Eugen von Württemberg (1728-1793), published a book on viticulture in 1767. And his mother Elisabeth D. Schiller was the daughter of an innkeeper. He therefore had a strong background in this field and wrote the album verse "Der Name Wirtemberg, schreibt sich vom Wirt am Berg. A Wirtemberger without wine, can he be a Wirtemberger?"

Schiller Friedrich - Porträt und Vers vom Wirtemberger

By ducal order, Schiller had to enter the Karlsschule military academy (Stuttgart) in 1773. In this institution, wine or rather the consumption of wine was prescribed for him, so to speak, on the basis of the school regulations. Duke Carl Eugen, as a great promoter of viticulture, had ordered that the pupils be given up to half a litre of wine a day with their meals, depending on their age. According to the doctors' advice, "the consumption of wine in the hot weather is good for the young people". In a letter of 29 August 1787 to his editor Christian G. Körner (1756-1831), Freirdich Schiller describes a celebration in honour of Johann W. von Goethe (1749-1832): "We ate heartily, and Goethe's health was drunk by me in Rhine wine". Goethe remarked to his secretary: "Schiller never drank much, he was moderate".

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