Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) is regarded as the most important German poet and head of the literary epoch of German classicism. He was a multi-talent, as he scientifically dealt with botany, anatomy, zoology, mineralogy, meteorology, optics and colour theory and last but not least he was also a wine expert. Goethe set the following monument to wine and also to women in short form: "A girl and a glass of wine, they relieve all distress, and he who does not kiss and he who does not drink is long dead! Wine and wine culture has played a major role in his life. His grandfather Friedrich Georg Göthe (1657-1730) was the owner of the renowned inn "Zum Weidenhof" and built up an extensive wine shop. His father Johann Caspar Goethe (1710-1782) had the extensive wine cellar of Goethe's birthplace in the "Großen Hirschgraben" in Frankfurt am Main built, where Goethe later kept and regularly added to his extensive collection. According to tradition, it is also thanks to wine that it survived the difficult birth. When the child was born after three days of labour, it was without signs of life, discoloured blue-black and threatened to suffocate. The midwife then bathed the baby in an Arden (wooden trough) with warm wine, "baked" (massaged) the pit of his heart with it and thus saved his life.