Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) is considered the most important German poet and head of the literary epoch of German Classicism. He was a multi-talent, for he was scientifically occupied with botany, anatomy, zoology, mineralogy, meteorology, optics and colour theory, and last but not least he was also a wine expert. Goethe set up the following short memorial to wine and women: "A girl and a glass of wine, they alleviate all distress, and whoever does not kiss and whoever does not drink is long dead! Wine and wine culture played a major role in his life. His grandfather Friedrich Georg Göthe (1657-1730) was the owner of the renowned inn "Zum Weidenhof" and built up an extensive wine trade. His father Johann Caspar Goethe (1710-1782) had the extensive wine cellar of Goethe's birthplace built in the "Grosser Hirschgraben" in Frankfurt am Main, where Goethe later kept and regularly added to his extensive collection. According to tradition, it was also thanks to the wine that he survived the difficult birth. When the child was born after three days of labour, it had no signs of life, was blue-black in colour and threatened to suffocate. The baby was then bathed by the midwife in an arden (wooden trough) with warm wine, which was used to "birth" (massage) its heart cavity and ultimately save its life.