The municipality of Nierstein-Schwabsburg with around 8,400 inhabitants is located on the Rhine in the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The Schwabsburg district was an independent municipality until 1970. One of the three wine-growing areas in the Rheinhessen wine-growing region was also named after Nierstein, the other two being Bingen and Wonnegau. The Nierstein area, which lies to the north-east, dates back to the Roman city of Mainz, founded in 38 BC. The centre is the Rhine front from Nackenheim to Schwabsburg. Here, on the famous Roter Hang (Red Slope ), the most impressive or best steep vineyards in Rheinhessen with the red slate soils (Rotliegendes) that give the area its name extend. The area is divided into 11 large vineyards: Auflangen, Domherr, Gutes Domtal, Güldenmorgen, Krötenbrunnen, Petersberg, Rehbach, Rheinblick, Sankt Alban, Spiegelberg and Vogelsgärten.