The wine-growing region is located in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and is named after the river of the same name. There is much preserved evidence of the Romans, who already cultivated wine here. The vineyards cover 4,237 hectares of vines along the river from Hunsrück to where it flows into the Rhine at Bingen. Near Bingen, the Benedictine abbess Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179) founded the Rupertsberg monastery. The soils consist of quartzite and slate on the lower Nahe, porphyry, melaphyre and red sandstone on the middle Nahe, and weathered soils, sandstone, loess and loam near Bad Kreuznach.