The literature on the subject of wine and viticulture is at least as varied and extensive as the wines of this world. Already in the Old Testament of the Bible, but also in older works, wine is a central theme and is often mentioned. Viticulture and wine culture on a professional level already existed at least 6,000 to perhaps even 8,000 years ago in antiquity. The origin of the cultivated vine or viticulture lies in Mesopotamia, Transcaucasia (Georgia) or, according to the latest findings, in south-eastern Anatolia in Turkey. Even at this time, people were already writing about wine, but this cannot yet be called wine literature. The first witness to Greek wine culture was Homer, who wrote poetically about viticulture and wine consumption in his works Iliad and Odyssey around 730 BC.