The literature on wine and viticulture is at least as varied and extensive as the wines of this world. Already in the Old Testament of the Bible but also in older works wine is a central theme and is often mentioned. Viticulture and wine culture on a professional level already existed at least 6,000 to maybe even 8,000 years ago in antiquity. The origin of the cultivated grapevine or viticulture lies in the Mesopotamian Mesopotamia, in Transcaucasia (Georgia) or, according to the latest findings, in south-east Anatolia in Turkey. Wine was already being written about at that time, but this cannot yet be called wine literature. The first witness of Greek wine culture is Homer, who in his works Iliad and Odyssey around 730 B.C. reported in poetic form about viticulture and wine enjoyment.