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The state in the Midwest of the USA with the capital Indianapolis was settled by white people in 1733. It borders Lake Michigan in the north, which has a mitigating effect on the otherwise extreme climate. In 1802, the Swiss winemaker Jean Jacques Dufour (1763-1827) planted a vineyard on the Ohio River in what is now Switzerland County near Vevay, which he called "New Switzerland". It was there that he produced his first high-quality wine in 1806 or 1807, from which a few barrels were delivered to the White House to the third US President Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826). His sons continued to run the winery until 1850. For the first time in 1968, and for some time now every year in August, the "Swiss Wine Festival" is held in Vevay in Switzerland County in honour of the Swiss immigrants who founded viticulture here.

The only AVA classified is the vast Ohio River Valley, which Indiana shares with the three US states of Kentucky, Ohio and West Virginia. The approximately 25 wineries are spread all over the country. The area around Jeffersonville in Clark County is the center of viticulture, the center is the town of Madison. Some of the best known producers in Indiana are Brown County Winery, Butler Winery and Vineyard, Lake Michigan Winery, Lanthier Winery, Madison Vineyards, Thomas Family Winery and Oliver Winery.

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