The French name means "first crop". Confusingly, however, it is used in several French classification systems with different meanings (rank).
Within the framework of the Bordeaux classification for red wines from the Médoc, which was made in 1855, "Premier Cru" (also "Premier Grand Cru" or "Premier Grand Cru Classé") is the highest rank. For white wines from Barsac and Sauternes, on the other hand, "Premier Cru Classé Supérieur" is the second rank after "Premier Cru Classé Supérieur". The first place "Premier Cru Classé Supérieur" was awarded to Château d'Yquem as the only vineyard at that time due to its exceptional quality.