The Englishman Samuel Pepys (1633-1703) was Secretary of State in the English Naval Office, President of the Royal Society and member of the English House of Commons. However, he became known mainly for his extensive diaries (Diary and Correspondence), which he kept from 1660 to 1669. These are an informative cultural and historical picture of everyday life during the Restoration under King Charles II. (1630-1685). Among other things, he reports in detail on the Great Plague of 1665 or the Great Fire of London the following year. He made use of a kind of stenographic secret code that could not be deciphered until the year 1825. These diaries contain more than 3.100 pages that Pepys himself had bound in six volumes and incorporated them into his library.
In addition to his numerous flings, the book also devotes a lot of space to the topic of wine and tells you a lot about the wine styles of the time and their designations. An entry dated April 10, 1663 reads: "I have just tasted a French wine called Ho-Bryan, which has the best and most extraordinary taste I have ever encountered". This was a wine from the then already famous Château Haut-Brion. Again and again he implored not to drink any more wine (alcohol), but just as often he overturned this resolution. At the age of 60, he had built up a well-equipped wine cellar, among them the then popular Claret, a Canary(Canary Islands), a Tent (red wine from the Spanish city of Cadiz), a Sack (the name for sprit, Spanish wines), a Malaga and unspecified white wines. Pepys obviously had a special preference for Spanish wines.