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single vineyard in the municipality of Bernkastel (Bernkastel area) in the German Moselle wine-growing region. The name, which has not been clearly clarified, is derived from an unverifiable legend. The Trier archbishop Boemund II. (1354-1362) was seriously ill with fever at Landshut Castle in 1360. No medicine helped and all medical art was in vain. Finally, he was allegedly cured by drinking two bottles of Bernkastel wine. As a sign that the wine was "the true doctor", the vineyard was granted the privilege by the Elector to call itself "Bernkasteler Doctor" from then on. However, the name probably only came into being in the 17th century, when the clerical councillor Dr. Heinrich Linden inherited the vineyard in 1677. However, it is documented that King Edward VII. (1841-1910) of Great Britain drank it as "medicine".

In 1900, Carl Wegeler, a commercial counsellor and co-owner of the Deinhard sparkling wine cellar, bought a third of the vineyard, including the wines in the cellar, for the then enormous sum of 100 gold marks per vine or square metre. Other prominent wine lovers included Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941), the later US President Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) and the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967). It is documented that the Adenauer delegation on their trip to Moscow in September 1955 carried bottles of the 1950 Bernkasteler Doctor Spätlese, which were served at lunch during the talks on 11 September and given as gifts to the USSR politicians Bulganin, Khrushchev and Molotov.

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