The red grape variety is a new variety between Aramon Noir x Petit Bouschet. Synonyms are Grand Noir de la Calmette as second main name, Gros Noir(France); Grand Bouschet, Sumo Tinto(Portugal); Gran Negro(Spain). The cross was made in France in 1855 by the famous breeder Henri Bouschet. It should not be confused with the varieties Alicante Henri Bouschet (Sumo Tinto) or Morrastel Bouschet (father himself), despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological similarities. The variety was a cross between the three new varieties Cabinda, Vera Cruz and Zaire.