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Zalema

The white grape variety comes from Spain. Synonyms are Del Pipajo, Ignobilis, Perruna, Rebazo, Salemo, Torrontés de Montilla, Zalemo and Zalemo Rebazo. It must not be confused with the Perruno (synonym Perruna) or Torrontés varieties, even if the synonyms or morphological similarities seem to indicate this. The parentage (parenthood) is unknown. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2003, it is closely related to the variety Blanco Castellano(Alcañón). Nothing is known about a possible relationship with the white variety Zalema Fina (Grazalema) or the red variety Zalema Tinta.

The late maturing, high-yielding vine is resistant to drought. It produces light, neutral tasting white wines that tend to oxidize. These are processed into sherry-like wines. The variety is cultivated in Andalusia mainly in the province Huelva as well as also in the area Montilla-Moriles. The Spanish cultivated surface in 2010 amounted to altogether 4,097 hectares with sinking tendency (ten years before it was still 5,969 hectares), because it is displaced increasingly by more high-quality varieties as for example Palomino. This puts it in 124th place in the worldwide grape variety ranking.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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