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Yoke

Very old area measure, already used by the Romans, corresponding to an area of arable land which could be ploughed over in one day with a yoke (team) of oxen. The term is derived from the Latin Jugerum (Iugerum), which corresponded to a quarter of a hectare (2,500 m²). Other names are Juchart, Juck, Jück, or Tagewerk. Until the end of the 19th century, the fathom was used as the standard measure; 1,600 square fathoms resulted in a yoke. In Austria it is still in use today, where a yoke corresponds to 5,755 m² (0.57 hectares); a line is a half yoke with 2,744 m² and a Metzen is a third yoke with 1,918 m². Further sizes are available in Hanover with 0.655, in Oldenburg with 0.45 to 0.56, in Switzerland with 0.36 and in Hungary with 0.43 hectares. In terms of importance and size, the old area measures arable and Morgenacre, as well as the Anglo-American acre are quite similar. See also under area measures, hollow measures and units of measurement.

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