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Yellow Muscadine

Synonym for the grape variety Scuppernong; see there.

The white grape variety originated in the USA. Synonyms are American Muscadine, Big White Grape, Bull, Bullace, Bullet, Bullet Grape, Green Muscadine, Green Scuppernong, Hickman's Grape, Pedee, Roanoke, White Muscadine, White Scuppernong and Yellow Muscadine. It is an all-female grape variety and one of the few of the subgenus Muscadinia species Vitis rotundifolia. Along with Alexander, Catawba, Concord, Niagara and Norton, it is one of the most important historical varieties in the USA. It was one of the first American vines from which wine was made in North America. Mistakenly, all Muscadinia vines are often called Scuppernong. Presumably it is a direct descendant of wild vines. The large, spherical berries are white-green to bronze in colour, so that a mutation of the dark berried Vitis rotundifolia is assumed.

Scuppernong - Weintraube

The vines were discovered and selected by English and German settlers in North Carolina on the banks of the Scuppernong River in the 1660s and wine was made from them for the first time. The name is derived from "ascupernation", which in the Indian Algonquin language means "place where ascopo grows" (laurel tree). The vine was first mentioned much earlier by the Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazano (1485-1528), when he explored the valley of the Cape Fear River (east of North Carolina) in French service and found many "naturally growing vines". However, since he does not mention any berry colour, it could have been the dark coloured wild vine. It could also have been these wild vines when a few decades later, in 1584, the English colonists...

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