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The red grape variety originates from Greece. Synonyms are Black Naousa, Csinomavro, Mavro, Mavro Goumenissas, Mavro Naoussis, Mavro Naoustino, Mavro Xyno, Naouses Mavro, Naoussis Mavro, Naoustiano, Naoystiro Mavro, Negroska Popolka, Niaousa, Niasoustino, Pipoliko, Pipolka, Popoliko, Popolka, Xinogaltso, Xynomavro Bolgar, Xynomavron, Xynomavro Naoussis, Xynomavro of Náoussa, Zinomavro and Zynomavro. The synonym Naoussis Mavro and similar names (meaning "blacks from Naoussa") indicate the presumed origin in Macedonia.

Xinomavro - Weintraube und Blatt

A distinction is made between at least three varieties (clones), which differ somewhat ampelographically. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2021, it originated from a presumably natural cross between Gouais Blanc x unknown father variety. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see Molecular genetics). The close relationship to the Nebbiolo or Pinot Noir varieties suspected by Pierre Galet (1921-2019) has not been confirmed. The late-ripening vine is susceptible to downy and powdery mildew and botrytis. It produces dark-coloured, acidic red wines with ageing potential, which is also indicated by the name "sour black".

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