You are using an old browser that may not function as expected. For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member


The white grape variety originates from Spain. Synonyms are Cartoixà, Cartuxa, Moll, Pansa Blanca, Pansal, Premsal Blanca, Xarell-Lo, Xarel-Lo, Xarel-Lo (a peculiarity is the special "dot" used only in Spain), Xarello Blanco, Xarelo, Xarelo Blanco and Xerello. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the Cayetana Blanca, Macabeo or Prensal varieties. Supposedly, the name derives from the Italian "chiarello", meaning clairet (French term for a light red wine type). It was mentioned under the name Xerello as early as 1785 in its probable place of origin, Penedès. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2015, it originated from a presumably natural cross Hebén x Brustiano Faux. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics for more information). There is also the color mutation with reddish berries Xarello Rosado. Whether there is a relationship to the varieties Xarello Cataluna, Xarello Mascalese or Xarello Negro is not known.

Voices of our members

Andreas Essl

The glossary is a monumental achievement and one of the most important contributions to wine knowledge. Of all the encyclopaedias I use on the subject of wine, it is by far the most important. That was the case ten years ago and it hasn't changed since.

Andreas Essl
Autor, Modena

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

25,901 Keywords · 46,872 Synonyms · 5,330 Translations · 31,238 Pronunciations · 179,629 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon