The old baroque town on the river Main is the capital of the Bavarian governmental district of Lower Franconia and the centre of viticulture in the German wine-growing region of Franconia. In the middle of the 8th century it became a bishop's seat and a little later also a royal palace. The first university was founded in 1402. Over the centuries, a veritable architectural monument was created with the Old Town Hall, Marienbrücke and Marienberg Fortress (in the foreground of the picture), bishop's residence and universities. During the Second World War, the city and its monuments were almost completely destroyed in a single night of bombing, but were rebuilt in their former glory after the war.