An indispensable component of support systems for many forms of vineyard training. The shoots are fastened to the wire frame(stapling), so that they are guided in the desired form and support the climbing. Depending on the height of the trunk, one speaks of a low (picture below), a medium-high and a high form. With the high culture from the 1950s onwards, this method largely replaced the traditional single pole training (pole culture). This form of training also allows mechanical processing in the vineyard, for example, the use of a full harvester. The mostly galvanized wires are stretched at different heights between the vines. Depending on the load to be carried(grapes or leaves), different wire thicknesses are used. There are also movable staple wire holders on the supporting pillars, with which the height of the wires can be flexibly changed depending on the growth of the vines. See also the complete list under the two keywords "form of upbringing" (systems) "vineyard care" (activities).