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This is the process, also known as vinification, with all the procedures, techniques and measures in the vineyard and cellar to produce wine from grapes. Grape varieties were cultivated and wine produced at least 6,000 if not 8,000 years ago, as evidenced by plant remains found in Asia Minor and numerous ancient wine vessels and artefacts from many regions. Transcaucasia and the advanced civilisations of Mesopotamia are considered the cradle of wine culture. According to the latest research, however, the origins are thought to lie in neighbouring Turkish south-east Anatolia near the biblical mountain Ararat. The origin of European viticulture, however, lies primarily in ancient Greece and on the island of Crete. Of course, at that time this was done with rather primitive methods. This topic is described under the headings Ancient Wines, Ancient Grape Varieties as well as the development of the "cultural asset wine" under Drinking Culture

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

25,404 Keywords · 47,148 Synonyms · 5,306 Translations · 30,717 Pronunciations · 170,416 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon