The capital of Austria is at the same time one of the nine federal states and with about 1.9 million inhabitants the most populous and with 415 square kilometres the largest city of the country. Until 1986, Vienna was also the capital of Lower Austria, the largest federal state in the east, when it was replaced by St. Pölten. The Danube flows through the city from north to south-east for a length of more than 20 kilometres. With over 600 hectares of vineyards, Vienna is the city with the largest wine production worldwide.
The Viennese winegrowing has a two and a half thousand years old history and is at least as old as the city itself when it was a small settlement. The Celts and before them the Illyrians had already been cultivating wine in this area, which they called "Vedunia", in 500 B.C., even before the Romans, which is proven by many finds such as wine barrels, pressing devices and grape seeds. Amongst others also at the two vineyards Bisamberg and Nußberg, where many vineyards are still planted today. When Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282) lifted the ban on planting vines outside Italy issued by Emperor Domitian (51-96), the legionaries in "Vindobona" began to cultivate vines and use Roman methods. Today's big city with an area of over 400 km² is literally built on vineyards.