You are using an old browser that may not function as expected. For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member


The first vineyards in Europe were established in the first millennium of the era, mainly along rivers or on their often terraced slopes. These were also of great importance for the wine trade in ancient times. The Romans used two main routes for the transport by amphorae. One ran along the Garonne from the south of France in the Languedoc-Roussillon region to Toulouse and on to Bordeaux as far as the Atlantic, the other from Arles on the Mediterranean upstream along the Rhône to Lyon, from there along the tributary Saône and overland to the Moselle to the Rhine and on this to the North Sea. Waters such as rivers, seas and lakes have a positive effect on viticulture in many ways and thus contribute to the so-called wine-growing worthiness (inclination of an area for viticulture).

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

25,507 Keywords · 47,134 Synonyms · 5,310 Translations · 30,824 Pronunciations · 171,590 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon