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Besides soil type, grape varieties and the art of the winemaker, the climate has a decisive influence on the quality of the wine. Wines sometimes reflect to a considerable extent and over a wide area the often very specific characteristics of a year's weather. In this context one speaks of vintage-related typicality, for example wines can have a "vintage-typical botrytis note" or a "toasted note" due to heat periods. In warm growing regions, the fluctuations are generally not as strong, and the deviations are therefore smaller. By contrast, in cooler growing regions, the differences in weather can be considerable. This is the case, for example, in the Italian regions of Piedmont and Tuscany, in Austria in the Wachau wine-growing region and the wine-growing regions in the province of Styria, the German Moselle wine-growing region, and the French regions of Burgundy, Bordeaux, Alsace and Loire.

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