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Vitis cinerea var. helleri

One of the five varieties of the American species Vitis cinerea (one of the 30 American species or wild vines). It used to be listed as a separate species under the name Vitis berlandieri, which is still used in many sources. It was re-described in 1880 by the French botanist and phylloxera discoverer Jules Émile Planchon (1823-1888). He named it after the Swiss biologist Jean Louis Berlandier (1805-1851), who first described and catalogued this vine in 1834 in Bexar County, Texas. Trivial synonyms are Fall Grape, Mountain Grape, Spanish Grape, Sweet Grape, Uva Cimaronna; Vitis Aestivalis Gray, Vitis Aestivalis Wright and Winter Grape. Botanical synonyms or old names are Vitis aestivalis var. monticola Engelmann, Vitis montana Buckl., Vitis monticola Durand and Vitis monticola Mill.

The vine is found in the US states of Texas and New Mexico, as well as in northern Mexico. It thrives mainly on riverbanks and on hot, dry and calcareous hills, where it also likes to grow on trees. It has good resistance to phylloxera, powdery and downy mildew, and drought. It is sensitive to winter frost. It also has a high tolerance to calcareous and salty soils, which is why it is also called lime vine. However, as it has poor roots, it is not suitable as a sole rootstock, but is used as a cross-breeding partner with Vitis riparia. The experiments of the US botanist Thomas Volney Munson (1843-1913) have contributed decisively to this finding. The famous rootstock vine Kober 5 BB originates from a crossing of these two species, another known one is SO 4 (Selection Oppenheim de Teleki No. 4). See also under American Vines and Vine System.

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