Term for the process of grape harvesting. Traditionally known as the "grape harvest ban", the beginning of the harvest was previously determined annually by the official bodies and, according to an old custom, announced publicly by shooting up the mountains. Today this can be determined largely freely by each winegrower himself. The quality term "Spätlese" no longer has any temporal significance. In Austria, a declaration of intent must be made to the municipal office on the day of harvesting for a Prädikatswein. An optimal state of ripeness of the grapes has an effect on the quality of the wine. The phase between harvesting and pressing or subsequent fermentation should be as short as possible to avoid undesirable contact with oxygen and loss of aroma.