DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region of Tuscany. The zone with 1,200 hectares of vineyards covers the slopes of the town of Montepulciano (province of Siena) at an altitude of 250 to 600 metres above sea level. The town is located 120 kilometers southeast of Florence in the upper Chiana Valley, is one of the most beautiful in Tuscany and is called the "Pearl of the Renaissance". Once a year in August the wine cask race "Bravio delle Botti" takes place here, in which representatives of the eight "enemy" districts of the city roll five quintals of wine casks through the steep, narrow streets. Montepulciano was the home of two popes and Paul III. (1468-1549) preferred the wine of his home town to all others. In 1549 his cellarmaster praised it as "perfect wine".
The origin of the wine goes back to 1300, it was already famous all over Europe in the Middle Ages. The Italian poet Francesco Redi (1626-1698) titled him in his poem "Bacchus in Tuscany" as the "King of Wines" to get the wine for the Royal Court in London. Many other poets have sung of him, who is today also called the "doyen of all Tuscan wines". The best wine has traditionally always been reserved for the Pope and the Curia in the Vatican. This is also where the addition or decorative epithet "Vino Nobile", the wine for the nobility, comes from. Together with Brunello di Montalcino, it is one of the two wines that were the first to receive the DOCG classification in 1980. From the 2019 vintage onwards, the designation was supplemented on the label with "Toscana". This is to avoid confusion with the DOCG wine Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teramane from the Abruzzo region. This red wine is undoubtedly one of the most famous and expensive wines in Italy
The best areas on clay and sandy soils are Argiano, Caggiole, Canneto, Casalte and Valiano. The wine is made from the Sangiovese clone Prugnolo Gentile (zum. 70%), as well as other authorised varieties (max. 30%, of which max. 10% are white varieties) and has a violet aroma. The wine matures for at least two years in oak or chestnut barrels, must be at least 12.5% vol. Alcohol content and is storable for many years (decades). It may only be marketed in Bordeaux bottles in the production area. With three years of storage (six months of which in the bottle) and 13% vol. alcohol content, it may bear the designation Riserva. Red wines with simpler regulations are classified as DOC Rosso di Montepulciano.
Special vintages were or are 1985, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997 and 1998. Among the most famous producers are Antinori, Avignonesi, Bindella, Boscarelli, Canneto, Capoverso di Adriana Avignonesi, Carpineto, Contucci, Dei, Fassati, Fattoria Del Cerro, Fattoria della Talosa, Fattoria di Palazzo Vecchio, Il Macchione, La Braccesca, La Calonica, Le Berne, Le Casalte, Lodola Nuova, Maria Caterina Dei, Massimo Romeo, Nottola, Poliziano, Redi, Ruffino, Salcheto, Trerose, Valdipiatta and Villa Sant'Anna