You are using an old browser that may not function as expected. For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member

Vineyard Keeper

This temporary winegrowing profession or function was once widespread throughout Europe, but is now almost extinct (the author, however, still experienced such vineyard keepers himself in Lower Austria in the 1950s; see picture below). Depending on the region and country, there were various names such as Bannert, Beerhüter, Flurhüter, Hirter (in Austria dialect "Hiata"), Hüter, Jahrhüter, Saltner (South Tyrol), Schütz or Wengertschütz, Weinbergshüter and Wingerthüter. In the "Hutzzeit", the guardians had the task of guarding the vineyards from the time the grapes ripened - i.e. before the grape harvest began - and protecting them from theft.

Weingartenhüter in Tracht aus Meran (Südtirol) und Hirterhütte in Mühlbach am Manhartsberg NÖ

In addition, they had to protect the vineyards from harmful birds (partly still practised today) and game damage. These guardians sometimes also had police powers over human grape thieves. They were appointed and paid by the local authorities. Their work was limited in time and ended with the end of the grape harvest - which in some wine-growing areas was 16 October (St. Gall's Day). According to an old farmer's rule, this was announced as follows: On Saint Gall's Day, everything should be at home.

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

25,768 Keywords · 47,060 Synonyms · 5,318 Translations · 31,093 Pronunciations · 174,543 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon