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Vineyard

There are many designations for areas planted with vines in the wine-growing countries. In the German-speaking countries, vineyard, vineyard, wengert, winger (especially in Germany) or vineyard (especially in Austria) are commonly used. This can be a relatively small area (owned by a single owner), but just as well a very large area shared by many owners. It does not necessarily have to be a contiguous area planted with vines. If it is fragmented, it is called a litter vineyard. In the case of a vineyard, despite the part of the name "berg", it does not necessarily have to be a slope with a more or less steep inclination, but is often used in a romanticising way, often also for flat areas. The picture shows the Zieregg vineyard from the Manfred Tement winery in southern Styria (Austria):

Riede Zieregg Südsteiermark

Geographically defined and, where appropriate, protected areas may, but do not have to, coincide with vineyard or vineyard boundaries. This means that a vineyard or vineyard garden can correspond exactly with a single vineyard (Germany) or reed (Austria), but can also consist of several such territorial units. The designations often refer to the very specific local conditions and can also mean a quality categorization. The type of soil, the climate (microclimate), the grape variety and, of course, the method of winemaking have a decisive influence on the quality of the vineyard or the wine pressed from it. The comprehensive term terroir for specific conditions with unmistakable characteristics is often used for this.

In the narrower sense, vineyard area is generally understood to be the area actually used for the cultivation of vines. However, a strict distinction is made between the area under vines (from which grapes are harvested), the area under vines (area with young vines still without yield) and the total area under vines (including fallow, i.e. areas not planted with vines). In Europe, the standard measure of area is the hectare; in England and the New World, acre is also common. The various names related to the subject are:

  • Growing region - largest German territorial unit
  • Appellation - wine-growing area with protected designation of origin in France
  • Division - second largest German territorial unit
  • Fallow land - unutilised vineyards
  • Bricco - Italian term for the top of a hill
  • Climat, Clos, Lieu-dit - smallest French territorial units
  • Colli - Italian term for hilly vineyards (slopes)
  • Conca - Italian and Spanish term for trough or basin-shaped surfaces
  • Côte (Côteaux) - French term for vineyards with a pronounced slope
  • Cru - French designation (plant) for special quality of vineyard, winery and wine
  • Driesche (Triesch) - cultivated vineyard area unused for a long time
  • Single location - second smallest German territorial unit
  • First layer - second highest level of the VDP classification for single layers
  • Yield - legal and qualitative aspects of wine and grape quantity/area
  • Exposure - position of a slope in relation to the direction of the midday sun
  • Area measurements - List of the most important units of measurement
  • Land (vineyard floor) - usable area for viticulture
  • Geographicalarea - delimited area with certain legal provisions on wine
  • Gewann (Gewannflur) - elongated parcel/row of vines or privileged part of a site
  • Large layer - highest level of the VDP classification for individual layers
  • Großlage - German and Austrian territorial unit
  • largest wine region/area of vines in the world - list of the largest areas
  • Slope / steep slope - Designation for vineyards with greater inclination
  • Origin - history, meaning and criteria of geographical origin
  • highest vineyards - list
  • Cadastral location - smallest German territorial unit
  • smallest vineyards & vineyards - List of the smallest areas
  • Monopolies - Vineyard site in appellation status in exclusive ownership
  • Inclination - The amount of altitude difference in degrees or percent
  • northernmost vineyard - the northernmost vineyards
  • Pago - Spanish name for uniform soil and homogeneous climate
  • Parcel - smaller part of a larger area
  • Planting rights - EU wine law issues concerning vineyards
  • Vine belt - main vine areas in the northern and southern hemisphere
  • Grape variety - the 150 most common grape varieties with their areas worldwide
  • Vine row - arrangement of the vines in the vineyard
  • Riede (Ried) - smallest Austrian territorial unit
  • Grubbing-up - cultivating (reclaiming or abandoning) vineyards
  • Ronco - Italian term for terraced vineyards
  • Serra - Italian term for the sunny location of a vineyard
  • Sori - Italian name for a slope of first quality
  • steepest vineyard - with extreme inclination
  • southernmost vineyard - the southernmost vineyards
  • Terraces - Form of vineyard design of steep vineyards
  • Terroir - Designation for characteristic features of the soil and microclimate
  • Vigna (Vigneto) - Italian term for vineyard or also location
  • Viña (Viñedo) - Spanish term for vineyard or also location
  • Vino de Pago - privileged location or highest Spanish quality level
  • Wine-growing region - second largest Austrian territorial unit
  • Wine-growing countries - continents or 100 countries with areas per region and grape varieties
  • Wine-growing region - largest Austrian territorial unit
  • Eligibility for viticulture - Criteria for the suitability of an area for vine cultivation
  • Wine-growing zone - climate-related transnational regions within the EU
  • Weinbergsrolle - officialvineyard register Germany
  • Wine production volumes - statistics area under vines (ha) and production volumes (hl)

Most wine-growing countries have systems of origin for vineyards (sites, vineyards, areas) and related classification systems for wines. In Germany, the Prussian classification of vineyard sites, which took place in the 19th century, was the basis for today's classification of individual vineyard sites and the VDP classification. In Austria, the Association of Traditional Austrian Wine Estates is making efforts in this regard. In the Austrian wine law amendment 2016, the closer origin of the wine was regulated by wine law with the mention of the vineyard (location) on the label.

Rebfläche - Weltkarte mit Weinbaugebieten

A complete list of all classification systems for growing regions and wines can be found under Grand Cru. The quality classes for wines valid within the EU are described under Quality System. All work and measures during the vegetation cycle in the vineyard can be found under vineyard care. Complete lists of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as a list of the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law can be found under Vinification. Comprehensive wine law information can be found under the keyword wine law.

Zieregg vineyard: Winery Manfred Tement - Southern Styria
Graphics: Der Winzer 1 - viticulture, Ulmer Verlag 2019, 4th edition

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