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Vigne Cotonneuse

Name for the vine species Vitis labrusca; see there.

One of about 30 American species or wild vines with the full botanical name Vitis labrusca L.. It was already described in 1753 by the Swedish natural scientist Carl von Linné (1707-1778) in his new nomenclature (the L. in the botanical name refers to him). However, he referred to the description of the Swiss botanist Caspar Bauhin (1560-1624), which was already in 1623 as "Vitis sylvestris virginiana". Vitis labrusca is the longest known American wild vine. Already at the beginning of the 17th century, pioneers in the USA tried unsuccessfully to make edible wine from it. Together with the two species Vitis mustangensis and Vitis shuttleworthii it forms the group Labruscae.

Vitis labrusca - Rebstock

In the course of time there have been several name changes, which is why old sources confusingly mention many different botanical names. These are for example Vitis blandii Prince, Vitis Canina Raf., Vitis catawba Hort., Vitis ferruginga Raf., Vitis labrusca var. Subeden tata Fernald, Vitis labrusca var. Typica Regel, Vitis latifolia Raf.., Vitis luteola Raf., Vitis sylvestris virginiana Bauh, Vitis taurina Walter, Vitis vinifera sylvestris americana Pluk, Vitis vinifera var. Labrusca Kuntze and Vitis vulpina Marshall. Trivial synonyms include Black Fox, Concord Grape, Fox Grape, Niagara Grape, Northern Fox Grape, Northern Muscadine, Parra Brava, Parron, Skunk Grape, Swamp Grape, Vid Silvestre, Vigne Lambruche and Vigne Cotonneuse.

The vine is found all over the eastern USA to the Mississippi...

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