The red grape variety comes from France. Around 300 synonyms testify to its great age and worldwide distribution in almost all wine-growing countries. Important or historically important alphabetically grouped by country are for example Augustiner, Auvernas, Blauer Klevner, Blauer Spätburgunder, Frühschwarzer, Klävner, Klebroth, Klevner, Möhrchen, Moréote, Schwarzburgunder, Schwarzer, Schwarzer Burgunder, Schwarzer Traminer, Spätburgunder, Süßrot, Thalroter (Germany); Auvernat, Auvernas, Auvergnat, Berligout, Bourguignon, Clevner, Formentin Noir, Morillon Noir, Mourillon, Noble Joué, Noirien Franc, Noirien Noir, Orléanais, Pignola, Pignolet, Pineau de Bourgogne, Pineau de Bourgoyne, Pineau de Chambertin Pineau Noir, Pineau de Gevrey, Plant Doré, Vert Doré(France); Pinot Noir, Burgundy, Clevner, Cortaillod, Dôle, Klävner, Klevner, Salvagnin Noir, Savagnin Noir (Switzerland); Burgundské Modré, Rulandské Modré(Slovakia); Rulandské Modré, Burgundské Modré(Czech Republic); Kékburgundi, Kisburgundi (Hungary); Black Burgundy, Franc Pineau, Gamay Beaujolais (USA).
It must not be planted with the varieties Béclan, Blauburger, Béléguin or Béclébouche, despite the fact that the names are apparently synonymous or morphologically or name-similar, Blaufränkisch Brun Fourca, Gamay (Dôle), Gouget Noir, Persan, Pineau d'Aunis, Tressot Noir or Trousseau Noir. It is most likely the original Pinot variety with many varieties or clones and mutations. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2000, a parent-offspring relationship exists between Pinot (see there in detail) and Traminer (Savagnin Blanc). Specifically, Traminer is assumed to be a descendant of Pinot, although the reverse relationship cannot be ruled out. The old synonym Schwarzer Traminer indicates this relationship, although at the time the name was created there was of course no concrete knowledge about it. Somatic mutations are Pinot Meunier (black Riesling) and velvet red, although the latter is sometimes considered a mutation of the former.