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The autonomous region with the capital Valencia is located in the east of Spain on the Mediterranean Sea and is part of the Levant. It covers 23,255 km² and is divided into the three provinces of Valencia, Alicante and Castellón de la Plana. The region borders Catalonia to the north, Aragon and Castile-La Mancha to the west and Murcia to the south. It is one of the most productive agricultural landscapes in Europe. Rice, tropical fruits and exotic vegetables thrive in the alluvial plain around València.


The port city of Valencia was already an important transhipment point for wine in Roman times. The Roman poet Juvenal (1st century) mentions a wine from Sagunt in his satires. Likewise, the famous scholar Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) mentions wines from Valencia. The artfully practised distillation of wine was already famous here in the Middle Ages. Even at the time of the Muslim occupation of Spain between the 8th and 13th centuries, this was tolerated despite the ban on alcohol, and wine spirits from Denia, Sagunt and València were in demand throughout Europe at that time.

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The glossary is a monumental achievement and one of the most important contributions to wine knowledge. Of all the encyclopaedias I use on the subject of wine, it is by far the most important. That was the case ten years ago and it hasn't changed since.

Andreas Essl
Autor, Modena

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,411 Keywords · 47,047 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,745 Pronunciations · 206,102 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon