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See under Lyra education.

This educational system (also called U or V education) was developed in the early 1980s by Dr. Alain Carbonneau at the INRA in Bordeaux. It consists of a V- or U-shaped support structure that opens upwards and is similar to the Greek musical instrument that gave it its name. The vine trunks are about 80 cm high, the distance between the rows is at least three meters. The shoots are divided in such a way that two foliage walls with a hollow area in the middle are created (opposite to trellis training with only one...

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