Province in the Italian wine growing region of Veneto; see there.
The region (Ital. Veneto) is located in the north-east of Italy and borders on four other regions. These are Friuli-Venezia Giulia in the east, Trentino-Alto Adige and Lombardy in the west, and Emilia-Romagna in the south. The northern tip borders on Austria. The landscape or climate is also shaped by the 150-kilometre-long Adriatic coast. The lush vineyards were already cultivated by the Etruscans. Later the Romans came and appreciated the ancient wine Raeticum mentioned by Pliny the Elder (23-79), supposedly a precursor of today's Recioto wines. In the 15th century, the galleys of the Republic of Venice ("Serenissima" = the "Illustrious") dominated the Mediterranean. At that time, viticulture experienced a heyday.
The vineyards cover 94,600 hectares of vineyards on stony, calcareous soils covered with reddish-brown earth. Veneto is thus the third largest Italian wine-growing region. They are located in the plains on the Adriatic coast, on the Po River and in the mountains around Lake Garda. The foothills of the Alps in the north protect against harsh weather. In the hilly hinterland with a cooler climate, mainly white wines are produced and on the warmer coast mainly red wines. The best-known Veneto wines are the two reds Bardolino and Valpolicella from the Garda area, and the sparkling versions of Prosecco. DOC/DOCG wines account for around 60% of production. Around two thirds come from the area around the city of Verona, which is considered the wine centre of Italy. The Vinitaly wine fair is held here every year.