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DOC area in the extreme northeast of Portugal on the border with Spain. The name Trás-os-Montes means "behind the mountains", as it is enclosed in the west by high mountains that separate it from the rest of Portugal. It is the result of a division of the former Landwein area (Vinho Regional) by combining the three former IPR areas of Chaves (west), Planalto-Mirandês (east) and Valpaços (centre). The southern part was separated, classified as IPG area Duriense and assigned to the Douro port wine area. The wines in the area that do not comply with the DOC regulations can be marketed as IGP or VR Transmontano. Due to the climatically extreme conditions (very hot and dry) and the predominant shallow granite soils, viticulture is very difficult.

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