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Probably Hungary's best-known and most famous wine is named after the town of Tokaj in the north-east near the border with Slovakia and Ukraine. The word "Tokaj" is of Hunnic-Turkish origin and means "forest by the river". It was first mentioned in a chronicle at the end of the 11th century, where the crossing of a Cuman army over the River Tisza at "Thocoyd" is described. King Béla IV (1235-1270) established Hungarian viticulture on a larger scale, with the first upswing in the Tokaj region occurring in the 13th and 14th centuries. It is unclear when the first Tokaj Aszú was produced, but it is certainly one of the first wines to be made from botrytised noble sweet berries. The Tokaj region was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002.

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