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The term tithe (cent, cent, tithe, tenth) is derived from the Latin "decenia" and denotes a tax of about ten percent in the form of money or natural produce. The tax had to be paid to religious (such as the Roman Catholic Church or its monasteries) or secular (such as landlords and rulers) institutions. A tithe is already mentioned in the Bible in the 5th book of Moses (Deuteronomy) as a yield of grain, oil and wine, as well as the first birth of cattle and sheep. Tithing was common until the late Middle Ages towards the end of the 15th century. In the legal history of the Middle Ages, the tithe court (Zehthof) was the court to which the right was often transferred on a temporary lease and to which the due tithe (Zehent) was to be delivered to the manor in the agreed performance or form.

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