Canton in the Italian-speaking part of Switzerland with the capital Bellinzona. It borders on Italy and is divided into two parts: Sopraceneri and Sottoceneri. The most southern and scenically beautiful Swiss canton is also known as the "sun parlour of Switzerland" because of the many hours of sunshine. It is one of the six Swiss wine regions. The vineyards cover an area of 1,028 hectares. A special feature is the Misox Valley (Mesolcina) in the canton of Graubünden with 50 hectares. The climate is reminiscent of Mediterranean conditions, but there is high precipitation. The majority of the approximately 3,800 winegrowers own only small plots of land and pursue viticulture as a sideline. Well-known wine-growing communities are Biasca, Castel San Pietro, Chiasso, Giornico, Giubiasco, Gordola, Gudo, Malvaglia, Morbio, Morcote, Rivera, Rovio, Stabio, Tenero and Verscio. The best locations are between the lakes Lago Maggiore and Lago di Lugano, and Bellinzona and Locarno.