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The red grape variety originates from France. Synonyms are Antiboulen, Antiboulene, Antibouren, Antibourin, Rosseis, Tiboulen, Tiboulin, Tibouren Noir (France); Rossese, Rossese di Dolceacqua, Rossese di Ventimiglia, Rossese Nericcio, Rossese Nero, Rossese Rosso, Rossese Ventimiglia (Italy). It must not be confused with the Italian variety Rossese di Campochiesa, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities. The five white Rossese varieties are not colour mutations. The early to medium ripening vine tends to trickle and is susceptible to early frost and downy mildew. It produces aromatic red wines with notes of garigue (shrub heather) and sour cherries. These are mainly used for the production of rosé wines, but also varietally for red wines.

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