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Thyroid rod

In Greek and Roman mythology, this staff was worn by the female companions of the Dionysians or Bacchanalia, known as maenads (later also as Dionysiads) or Bacchanals, and more rarely also by the satyrs (mixed beings of half man and half goat). Those who had given too much to the wine could lean on such a staff. It consisted of a stem of the giant fennel, was crowned with a pine cone and wrapped with ivy and vine tendrils. The staff was also a symbol of fertility. Together with the cantharos (drinking vessel for wine), the thyrsos staff was an attribute of the Greek god of wine, Dionysus, or its Roman counterpart Bacchus (hence the Bacchus staff), with which these two were often depicted. The picture on the left shows a "racing" maenad with a thyrsos rod and a panther, the picture on the right shows a maenad with a thyrsos rod and a satyr with an erect phallus.

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