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One of the eight specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. It was formed in 1985 by merging the formerly independent wine-growing areas of Gumpoldskirchen and Bad Vöslau. The thermal baths, already known in ancient times, gave the area its name, but in the vernacular it is called "Südbahn" after the railway line built here in the mid-19th century. The area extends from the southern outskirts of the Austrian capital Vienna along a chain of hills to the south of the spa town of Baden.

Thermenregion - Gumpoldskirchen - Deutschordensschloss


Austria's oldest vineyard, the Stiftsweingut Heiligenkreuz - Freigut Thallern near Gumpoldskirchen was founded in 1141 by the Cistercians of Heiligenkreuz Abbey. Since the 13th century, the right to serve wine, known as Leitgeben (Leutgeben), has been a tradition. There were rich wine yields in the 14th and 15th centuries. In the 16th and 17th centuries the area was badly affected by the Turkish sieges. The Turkish commander-in-chief Kara Mustapha (1630-1683), who fell ill during the second Turkish siege of Vienna, recovered very quickly in Baden in 1683. Viticulture suffered the heaviest losses because the Turks destroyed many vineyards for religious reasons. In 1760, the Pinot Noir was introduced to the area by the Teutonic Order and began to spread throughout the region into Burgenland. The area is part of the Vienna Basin and is one of the warmest wine-growing regions in Austria. Hugo von Hofmannsthal (1847-1929), the creator of "Everyman", described it as an "immense garden".

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