An island off the southeast coast of the continent of Australia, covering almost 70,000 km² and one of the six federal states. There are three regions: East Coast Tasmania, Northern Tasmania and Southern Tasmania. The first vines were planted in 1823 by former convict Bartholomew Broughton (1796-1828) at Prospect Farm in Hobart in the south of the island. Viticulture developed well, but then there was a total decline. Around 1880 there was hardly a vine left and it stayed that way for about 80 years. In the 1950s, a renaissance was initiated by the Frenchman Jean Miguet. This Australian state has the coolest climate in Australia; the coldest area is Pipers River in the north-east of the island. There are three regions: East Coast Tasmania, Northern Tasmania and Southern Tasmania. The vineyards cover about 1,500 hectares and are among the southernmost vineyards in the world. Due to its cool climate, Tasmania plays a special role in the cool climate winegrowing of Australian viticulture.
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