The Asian island state in the Western Pacific with an area of only about 36,000 km² and the capital Taipei calls itself the "Republic of China" (but is only recognised by 22 UN states). It is separated from the Chinese mainland by the Formosa Strait and has a subtropical climate in the north and a tropical climate in the south. The provinces of Changhua and Taichung in the central west of the island are ideal for agriculture and grape growing due to the fertile soil, warm climate and protection from typhoons. The oldest winery is "Domaine Shu Sheng", where grape cultivation and later viticulture has been practised for five generations. Hung Shu-sheng was the first Taiwanese winemaker to plant the Black Queen and Golden Muscat varieties, which are best suited to the Taiwanese climate, in the 1950s.