Canton with the capital of the same name in the north-east of Switzerland on the border with Austria. The vineyards cover 220 hectares and belong to the wine region of German-speaking Switzerland. They are mainly located in the Rhine valley between the Bündner Herrschaft in the canton of Bern (Bernese Oberland) and Lake Constance. Well-known wine-growing communities are Altstätten, Bad Ragaz, Balgach, Berneck, Freienbach, Mels, Monstein, Rheineck, Oberriet, Pfäfers, Rapperswil-Jona (belongs to the AOC area of Lake Zurich), Sargans, Thal, Walenstadt and Wartau. Mostly red wines are produced from the Pinot Noir variety, which is favoured by the sugar-forming foehn wind "Traubenkocher". Well-known producers are Bärtsch, Winzergenossenschaft Berneck, Geiger, Höcklistein, Lutz, Ochsentorkel, Schwitter, Tobler, Walser, Wartau Reto Schwarz, Weber-Stieger and Wildhaber.