Italian term (spumare = to foam) for a strongly sparkling wine produced according to certain quality criteria. A priori, however, the designation Spumante is not a quality level or guaranteed origin. Only a possible DOC classification ensures that it comes from a specific growing region. Italy is a traditional sparkling wine country, because in around 100 DOC/DOCG zones sparkling wine is produced in over 200 varieties from many different grape varieties with a wide range of alcohol strengths and residual sugar levels. An incredible 300 million bottles are produced in Italy every year. A spumante should have at least 3 bars of carbon dioxide pressure. It can range from dry to sweet and be produced in white, rosé or red. Depending on the DOC/DOCG regulation, tank fermentation, i.e. Méthode charmat (Metodo charmat or Metodo martinotti) and/or bottle fermentation (Metodo classico or Metodo tradizionale) are permitted.