A term used in some European countries to designate an upmarket category which, however, also belongs to the highest quality category of quality wine(PDO) according to the EU wine market organisation. These are Germany, Croatia, Austria, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Czech Republic and Hungary. Some designations (such as Spätlese) also exist in some other countries. In Germany the designation QmP (quality wine with distinction) was valid until 2007, since then also Prädikatswein is used.
These wines are subject to even higher requirements regarding must weight and production, or certain techniques are prohibited. Different regulations apply for each type of Prädikat with regard to the condition of the grapes (fully ripe or partially noble rot) and the grape harvest (mechanical harvesting is prohibited for Beerenauslese and Trockenbeerenauslese). Enrichment for the purpose of increasing the alcohol content is forbidden in principle. In Germany, sweetening to increase the residual sugar may be carried out using a sweet reserve; in Austria this is generally prohibited. However, the order is not a qualitative evaluation, but designates different types of wine: