Old name for white wines with madeirised
clay (Madeiraton) or oxidative sherry clay
. It probably derives from the Spanish "Spaniōl" for a well-known snuff brand. This tobacco, produced in the snuff factories of Seville from the year 1800 onwards, was made from finely ground Havana leaves, spiced with various spices and coloured with red earth. The Spaniol had the typical taste of oxidatively matured wines of tobacco and dried fruits. It was marketed throughout Europe and quickly became immensely popular. But it could also simply be a disguise of "espagnol" (Spanish), because wines with such a taste were mostly associated with "coming from Spain".