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The later canonized Sixtus II (Greek: Xystus) was born in Athens (Greece). He was the first pope to bear the same name as an earlier one (Sixtus I). He was elected Bishop of Rome, or 24th Pope, in 257. Sixtus fell victim to the persecutions under Emperor Valerian (200-260) as a martyr and was arrested together with four deacons, among them St. Lawrence (with whom he is often depicted together), during worship in the Calixtus Catacombs and immediately beheaded in Rome on 6 August 258. His day of remembrance (not commanded) in the Catholic Church is August 7. Sixtus is considered the patron saint for the good prosperity of grapes, and on his day of remembrance on August 7th, grape consecrations are held. He is the patron saint for the prosperity of beans and grapes, for pregnant women and helpers for neck, back and loin pain. See also under country rules and wine saints.

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