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The monk Severinus (the name means "the strict"), who came from a noble Roman family, was born in North Africa around 410. He retreated to the Roman province Noricum (area between Passau and Wien), from where his name Severinus of Noricum derives. In Favianis, today's Mautern near Krems in the wine-growing region of Wachau (Lower Austria), he lived as a hermit among vineyards. During the migration of nations, after the death of the Hun king Attila in 453, he acted as a mediator between the warring armies in the chaos of war. He demanded the return of prisoners, prevented the plundering of villages and enforced the observance of treaties. In this way he became a welcome advisor to the pagan rulers of the Roman border areas. He also worked as a penitential preacher and miracle healer in Klosterneuburg and Passau. He founded monasteries in Passau and Favianis. St. Severinus died in Favianis on January 8, 482, the day of his death is also his day of remembrance. He is the patron saint of Bavaria, of prisoners, winegrowers and linen weavers, and is responsible for the fertility of the vines. See also under wine saints and wine gods.

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