The DOC area named after the city on the Atlantic coast is located southeast of the Portuguese capital Lisbon on the Península Setúbal peninsula in the central west in the Península de Setúbal region. The climate here is characterised by the influence of the Atlantic in autumn and especially by cool and very humid air currents from the mouth of the Tagus River. The vines grow here on calcareous, sandy and clayey soils. After Port and Madeira, this is the third great Portuguese dessert wine with a very old tradition. The French Sun King Louis XIV (1638-1715) is said to have always requested Setúbal fortified wine for his festivities at Versailles. The English wine writer Cyrus Redding (1785-1870) praised the wine in his book "A History and Description of Modern Wine" in 1851. Around 1860, the wine was exported to three continents. In the same way as Madeira, it was loaded onto ships in barrels and transported twice across the equator before being sold. Such bottles, marked TVE (Torna Viagem) on the label, dating from 1870 to 1890, are still stored today in the cellars of the Fonseca company.
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