Frequent name for single vineyard sites in Germany. It is usually derived from a stately building (which may no longer exist) on the top of a hill.
The upper part below the Höhingen castle ruins was converted into vineyards in 1819 by blasting the steep rock faces. The vineyards, which are in the form of four amphitheatres facing west to south-east, but predominantly south-facing, at an altitude of 190 to 320 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of 20 to 80%, cover 80 hectares of vines. The very large and therefore heterogeneous site is divided into the four areas of Böhmischberg, Büchsenberg, Schlossberg and Schneckenberg. The soils consist of dark, weathered, skeleton-rich volcanic rock with a partly artificially applied layer of loess. In some areas the soil is so poor that the vine posts had to be concreted in for stability. The main varieties grown here are Riesling,Pinot Noir, PinotGris, PinotBlanc and Silvaner. The Augit, Dr. Heger, Freiherr von Gleichenstein, Keller Franz, St. Remigius, Waßmer Fritz, Wassmer Martin and Winzergenossenschaft Achkarren, for example, have shares in the vineyard.
This is a historical location. The south-facing vineyards with a slope gradient of 5 to 40% comprise 15 hectares of vineyards on clayey loam soil. Riesling and Burgundy varieties are cultivated here. The Forster Georg, Joh. Bapt. Schäfer, Pieroth and Schlossgut Diel wineries, for example, all have shares.
The two family castles of the counts of Castell once stood here. Around 1266, the property was divided by the counts, and the most important vineyard sites in Castell were mentioned for the first time in the deed of division. Of the castle built in the 16th century, only a stair tower remains today. The south-, south-west- and west-facing, cauldron-shaped vineyard at an altitude of 300 to 390 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of 40 to 70% covers 4.5 hectares of vineyards. The erosion-prone greyish-blue soils on the surface consist of gypsum skeuper, calcareous marl and grassy claystone with deposits of alabaster. The Silvaner, Riesling and Rieslaner varieties are cultivated here. The site is the sole property of the Fürstlich Castell'sches Domänenamt winery. The Reitsteig site is located in the lower middle of the Schlossberg.
The south-facing vineyard lies directly under the walls of the Reichsburg Cochem. Throughout history, this mountain or castle has repeatedly been the scene of fierce battles and sieges. On the steep vineyards at a height of 70 metres above the Moselle, the vines are rooted in brittle blue slate with little fine soil. In 1998, the steep slope was completely replanted in terraces at great expense. Here mainly the varieties Riesling andPinot Noir are cultivated.
The vineyard, which is oriented in the shape of a cauldron from southeast to southwest and has a slope gradient of 20 to 60%, comprises 3.8 hectares of vineyards on skeleton-rich granite and gneiss weathered soil. The site is solely owned by the Freiherr Roeder von Diersburg winery.
The vineyards, which are oriented from southeast to west-northwest, at an altitude of 220 to 370 meters above sea level with a slope of 15 to 80%, cover 33.5 hectares of vineyard area. The soils consist of weathered granite and are partly interspersed with porphyry, gneiss and loess. The famous old Klingelberg vineyard with 2.5 hectares of vines is the sole property of the Markgraf von Baden Schloss Staufenberg winery. Due to its small size, it was not designated as a single vineyard site in the course of the land consolidation in 1971. However, an application has been filed and a positive decision is expected soon (status March 2009). Here the varieties Riesling (Klingelberger), Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc, Traminer, Müller-Thurgau, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc are cultivated. Shares in the vineyard are held, for example, by the two wineries Gräflich Wolff Metternich'sches Weingut and Markgraf von Baden (Staufenberg Castle Winery).
The name was only created during the land consolidation in 1971. The south-facing vineyard at an altitude of 80 to 115 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of up to 12% comprises six hectares of vineyards. The site begins above the Schloss Reinhartshausen vineyard, of which it is the sole property, and extends westwards towards Hattenheim, where it borders on the Marcobrunn site. It is protected by trees on the Rhine side. The deep loess loam soils have a good water storage capacity. Riesling is cultivated here.
Due to its strategic location, the vineyard has been the scene of fierce battles in the past centuries. After his victory over Freiburg, the French Sun King Louis XIV (1638-1715) commissioned his fortress builder Vauban to erect powerful bulwarks on the hillside. The remains of old castles and bastions now serve more peaceful purposes, and the stones were used to build walls which today support the small terraces of the castle hill. The south-facing vineyard, with a 20 to 70% slope, covers five hectares of vines on weathered gneiss soil. The varieties Auxerrois, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, Silvaner and Pinot Noir are grown here. The vineyards Staatsweingut Freiburg and Stigler Andreas, for example, have a share in the vineyard.
The name refers to the Hallburg castle. The south-southwest-facing vineyards with a slope gradient of 20 to 40% comprise 30 hectares of vineyards on Keuper soils. They are protected by a forest and walls. Only Riesling and Silvaner are cultivated here. The site is solely owned by Schloss Schönborn.
On the historical Schlossberg with the castle ruins of Lichteneck, scientifically proven that already in 1492 wine growing was practised. The vineyards, which are oriented from west to south-east with a slope inclination of 0 to 80%, comprise 68 hectares of vineyard area. The skeleton-rich, yellowish shell limestone soils are interspersed with loess loam. An area of six hectares on the steep slope is considered privileged. The varieties Spätburgunder and Chardonnay are cultivated here. The Huber Bernhard vineyard, for example, has a share in the site.
The location is under monumental protection. The vineyards, which face south-southwest to west-southwest, at an altitude of 120 to 230 metres above sea level with a gradient of 50 to 90%, comprise 27 hectares of vineyards. They are divided into the two Gewanne Hochberg in the western section and Schlossberg below the castle. The spectacularly steep terraces are supported by 4,000 metre long dry stone walls. The soil consists of weathered red sandstone and in places red clay. They have a good water storage capacity.Pinot Noir and Blue Portuguese are cultivated here. The vineyards Deppisch Johannes, Fürst Rudolf, Gunther Harald, Steintal, Stritzinger and Wengerter Rainer, for example, have a share in the site.
The south-west-facing vineyards are located at an altitude of 100 to 200 metres above sea level and have a slope gradient of 30 to 50%. They comprise 17 hectares of vineyards. The forest of the Rheingau Mountains, which rises above the site, shields the vineyards from the extreme cold air. The soil consists of weathered clay slate, which is often interspersed with loess and quartzite. The Riesling and Spätburgunder varieties are cultivated here. The vineyards Altenkirch, Chat Sauvage, Graf von Kanitz, Kesseler and Laquai Paul, for example, have a share in the site.
The Schlossberg is located below the ancestral castle of the Neipperg noble family and was first created by clearing the land in the 13th century. The vineyards below the castle are oriented from south to southwest, on the crest of the preceding slope to the west, as well as in the central slope to south-southwest to south-southeast. They are located at an altitude of 250 to 320 meters above sea level with a slope gradient of up to 5% on the high plateau, and 30 to 65% in the terraces and on the central slope. The "Kehl" parcel in the eastern part of the central slope has a particularly favourable climate. The soils consist of gypsum skeuper with partial loess, as well as in the higher plots and on the plateau weathered reed sandstone. The varieties Lemberger, Riesling and Muskateller are cultivated. The vineyard is solely owned by the Graf Neipperg winery.
The vineyard, which is oriented to the south to southwest, at an altitude of 180 to 220 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of 40 to 60%, comprises almost three hectares of vines on porphyry weathered soil. Only Riesling is cultivated here. The vineyard borders on the best plots of the Mauerberg site. It rises in terraces directly behind Schloss Neuweier with the winery of the same name, of which it is the sole property.
The vineyard below the castle, which faces west to south-east and has a gradient of 10 to 65%, comprises almost nine hectares of vineyards on flat, sandy granite weathered soil. The site is almost exclusively owned by the Schloss Ortenberg winery. Small plots are owned by a few cooperative winegrowers and the Jasmin Kiefer winery.
The south-southeast facing vineyards with a slope gradient of 5 to 25% cover 70 hectares of vineyard area. It is an inhomogeneous site with soils of granite weathered stone, weathered red sandstone, red loam, limestone, Latvian and sand. Here the varieties Riesling, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir Black, Portugieser and Dornfelder are cultivated. The vineyards Fader Kastanienhof, Lergenmüller, Meyer Stefan, Möwes and Waldkirch, for example, have their share of the vineyard.
Schloss Vollrads is a district of the Winkel municipality. This is also the name of the single vineyard owned by the Schloss Vollrads winery of the same name. The Schlossberg vineyard is located here. Both Schloss Vollrads and Schlossberg may appear on the label as single vineyard names.
The vineyards, which are oriented from northwest to northeast, with slopes ranging from flat to 40% inclination, comprise 46 hectares of vineyards on skeleton-rich loess loam soils. The best plots are located below the castle ruins in southern exposure. The varieties Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris and Pinot Noir are cultivated here. Members of the Staufen winegrowers' cooperative, for example, as well as the Wassmer Martin, Wiesler Michael and Zähringer Wilhelm wineries have shares in the site.
There is another vineyard called Schlossberg in the municipality of Rotenberg (Württemberg). In the German Rheingau wine growing area there is a vineyard called Berg Schlossberg. In the French Alsace there are Grand Cru sites called Schlossberg and Wineck-Schlossberg.